In a nuclear power plant, nuclear reactions are initiated using fuel rods containing radioactive material, usually uranium or plutonium. The energy released from these reactions is used to generate steam, which drives a turbine connected to a generator. The generator then produces electricity that is transmitted to homes and businesses through the power grid.
Nuclear power has several advantages as a source of electricity. It produces no greenhouse gas emissions, so it does not contribute to climate change. It also has a high capacity factor, which means that it is able to generate electricity for a large portion of the time. However, nuclear power also has some significant drawbacks. It generates radioactive waste that must be carefully managed, and accidents at nuclear power plants can have serious consequences. Additionally, the high initial costs of building a nuclear power plant can be a barrier to entry for some countries or utilities.